Hot Jupiters are gaseous giant planets that orbit very close to their stars (within a typical distance of less than 0.1 Astronomical Units, AU, where 1 AU is the average distance between Earth and Sun, about 150 million of km). These planets are of great interest for astronomers both because of the effects due to the intense incident stellar radiation,» Read more
Palermo Astronomical Observatory “Giuseppe S. Vaiana” is one of the research centres of the National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF). It works together with Palermo University through the Department of Physics and Chemistry.
OAPa’s main characteristic is its specific vocation in the field of space astrophysics. The network of activities also involves several frontier research fields both at the national and international level.
Cepheids and X-ray emission. The study “X-rays in Cepheids: XMM-Newton Observations of η Aql” of N. R. Evans (SAO-CfA) recently appeared on AJ
Cepheids are stars of great importance, since they allow to determine the distance of galaxies within a few hundreds of million of light years from us. This is due to the pulsations that characterize these giant stars, which are going through an instable phase of their evolution. Because of these pulsations, the luminosity of these stars varies with a period» Read more
Lithium abundance and stellar internal structure. The study: “The Gaia-ESO survey: Mixing processes in low-mass stars traced by lithium abundance in cluster and field stars” of L. Magrini (INAF – OA Arcetri) recently appeared on A&A
The chemical history of Lithium abundance in the Universe is very complex. This chemical element has been first produced during the Big Bang, even if in very small quantities compared with hydrogen and helium. Since then, lithium is continuously created and destroyed by several processes occurring in stellar interior. This means that the lithium abundances we observe in stars today» Read more
Borsa di Dottorato congiunta Università di Palermo e INAF – Osservatorio astronomico di Palermo “Giuseppe S. Vaiana”
Borsa di Dottorato congiunta Università di Palermo e INAF – Osservatorio astronomico di Palermo “Giuseppe S. Vaiana”, info nell’allegato.» Read more